Sodium bicarbonate is also known as baking soda; Sodium acid carbonate; Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate; Bicarbonate of soda; Carbonic acid monosodium salt; carbonic acid sodium salt (1:1); col-evac; jusonin; monosodium hydrogen carbonate; monosodium carbonate; meylon; NEUT; soda mint; sodium hydrocarbonate; soludal.
In medicine, baking soda is used as antacids to relieve heartburn, sour stomach, or acid indigestion by neutralizing excess stomach acid. It may be used to treat the symptoms of stomach or duodenal ulcers.
In cooking, baking soda is primarily used in baking as a leavening agent. When it reacts with acid, carbon dioxide is released, which causes expansion of the batter and forms the characteristic texture and grain in pancakes, cakes, quick breads, soda bread, and other baked and fried foods.
Other uses include fungal control, pesticide, mild disinfectant, fire extinguisher, toothpaste, deodorant, nasal irrigation and cleaning agent.
White powder or crystaline lumps, soluble in water, insoluble in alcohol. Stable in dry air, but slowly decomposes in moist air.
Low toxicity. Noncombustible.